2-7 September 2018
Europe/Warsaw timezone

Stereological-fractal analysis as a tool for a precise description of the morphology of hybrid alginate membranes

3 Sep 2018, 17:35
20m

Speaker

Dr. Monika Krasowska (Silesian University of Technology)

Description

A precise description of the morphology of a material is necessary in order to establish structural and functional relationships [1]. Tools (methods) for morphological analysis should be quantitative techniques, which would yield objective and reproducible values for any morphological structure and enable statistically defined comparisons. The combination of the stereological analysis and fractal analysis provides the researchers with such a tool. This work investigated hybrid alginate membranes filled with various amount of magnetite ($Fe_{3}O_{4}$) and crosslinked using four different agents, i.e. calcium chloride ($AlgCa$), phosphoric acid ($AlgP$), glutaraldehyde ($AlgGA$) and citric acid ($AlgC$). Alginate membranes can be used to dehydrate ethanol in the process of pervaporation [2--3]. The morphology of the studied membranes was characterized on the basis of the image analysis of the membrane’s cross-section obtained from a scanning electron microscope Phenom Pro-X. The quantitative analysis of the structure and morphology of the above-named materials included the stereological analysis and the fractal analysis. The stereological analysis was based on shape descriptors (elongation factor $f_{1}$, surface factor $f_{2}$, irregularity parameter $f_{3}$) and bulkiness $f$ [2, 4]. Generalized fractal dimension [5] and lacunarity [6] constitute the basis of fractal analysis. In relation to the membranes subjected to the tests, it was possible to identify the correlation between transport properties (pervaporation separation index ($PSI$)) and morphological parameters. The use of a comprehensive analysis made it possible to determine the morphology of the membrane with the best separation properties. The membranes of the highest self-similarity were also characterized by the highest separation properties. Acknowledgments This project has been supported by the Silesian University of Technology. Grant no. 04/040/RGJ18/0078 [1] R.D. Noble, Perspectives on mixed matrix membranes, J. Membr. Sci., 2011, vol. 378, no. 1-2, p. 393-397. [2] G. Dudek, M. Krasowska, R. Turczyn, M. Gnus, A. Strzelewicz, Structure, morphology and separation efficiency of hybrid $Alg/Fe_{3}O_{4}$ membranes in pervaporative dehydration of etanol, Sep. Purif. Technol., 2017, vol. 182, p. 101-109. [3] G. Dudek, M. Gnus, A. Strzelewicz, R. Turczyn, M. Krasowska, The influence of metal oxides on the separation properties of hybrid alginate membranes, Sep. Sci. Technol., 2018, vol. 53, no. 8, p. 1178-1190. [4] M.N. Pons, J.Dodds, Particle Shape Characterization by Image Analysis, In Progress in Filtration and Separation, edited by Steve Tarleton, Academic Press, Oxford, 2015, p. 609-636. [5] Z.J. Grzywna, M. Krasowska, L. Ostrowski, J. Stolarczyk, Can generalized dimension ($D_{q}$) and $f(\alpha)$ be used in structure-morphology analysis?, Acta Phys. Pol. B, 2001, vol. 32, no. 5, p. 1561-1577. [6] M. Krasowska, P. Borys, Z.J. Grzywna, Lacunarity as a measure of texture, Acta Phys. Pol. B, 2004, vol. 35 no. 4, p. 1519-1534.

Primary author

Dr. Monika Krasowska (Silesian University of Technology)

Co-authors

Dr. Anna Strzelewicz (Silesian University of Technology) Dr. Gabriela Dudek (Silesian University of Technology)

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