Nonequilibrium steady states in Langevin thermal systems

5 Sep 2017, 11:00
30m
Aula ()

Aula

oral Session 5

Speaker

Hyunggyu Park (Korea Institute for Advanced Study)

Description

Equilibrium is characterized by its fundamental properties such as the detailed balance, the fluctuation-dissipation relation, and no heat dissipation. Based on the stochastic thermodynamics, we show that these three properties are equivalent to each other in conventional Langevin thermal systems with microscopic reversibility. Thus, a conventional steady state has either all three properties (equilibrium) or none of them (nonequilibrium). In contrast, with velocity-dependent forces breaking the microscopic reversibility, we prove that the detailed balance and the fluctuationdissipation relation mutually exclude each other and no equivalence relation is possible between any two of the three properties. This implies that a steady state of Langevin systems with velocitydependent forces may maintain some equilibrium properties but not all of them. Our results are illustrated with a few example systems.

Primary author

Hyunggyu Park (Korea Institute for Advanced Study)

Co-author

Hyunn Keun Lee (SungkyunKwan University)

Presentation Materials

There are no materials yet.
Your browser is out of date!

Update your browser to view this website correctly. Update my browser now

×