Session 13: Closing Ceremony
- Paweł Góra ()
Christopher Jarzynski (University of Maryland, College Park)
As famously articulated by Sir Arthur Eddington, the second law of thermodynamics implies a directionality to the flow of time: the arrow of time points in the direction of increasing entropy. This deep fact of Nature is something that we intuitively grasp in our everyday lives, which is why we typically find it easy to distinguish between a movie played forward in time, and one played...
99. Eliminating ensembles from equilibrium statistical physics: Maxwell's demon, Szilard's engine, and thermodynamics via entanglement
Wojciech Zurek (Los Alamos)
A system in equilibrium does not evolve: time independence is its telltale characteristic. However, in Newtonian physics microstate of an individual system (a point in its phase space) evolves incessantly in accord with its equations of motion. Ensembles were introduced in XIX century to bridge that chasm between continuous motion of phase space points in Newtonian dynamics and stasis of...
Pierre Gaspard (Universite Libre de Bruxelles (U.L.B.))
On the basis of microreversibility, fluctuation relations are established for the counting statistics of coupled currents flowing across classical or quantum systems sustaining nonequilibrium steady states. Thanks to these relations, the Green-Kubo formulae and the Casimir-Onsager reciprocity relations can be generalized from linear to nonlinear response properties. These advances provide a...